• Fabbriche di Toscana - Impruneta
 History and Nature
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   History and Nature
   The Route
   Maria Maltoni
   Olive oil and wine from Impruneta
History and Nature   
The territory is included in the system of lower hills between the Greve River and the Ema River. This territory slowly slopes down to Florence.
The name of Impruneta derives from “In Pruinetis” or “In pinetis”. Its history dates back to the Etruscans. The archaeological finds were tied together, to testify the presence of a place of worship, dating back to the VI century AC.
In the Medieval period, Impruneta became an important town, taking on the leadership of one of the 72 leagues of the Florentine rural area.
At the beginning of the XII century Florence came into contrast with the power of the nobles in the rural area. At that time the Rocca of Montebuoni was totally destroyed. This fortress belonged to the Buondelmonti’s family, who ruled over the entire territory of Impruneta.
Furthermore, the Buondelmonti’s family was in charge of the Pieve di Santa Maria, consecrated in 1060, famous for the cult of the Virgin, particularly venerated by the Florentines.
The art of “cotto” has been found on this area ever since the Medieval period, a natural consequence of the appropriate soil and the proximity to Florence.
In Florence, over the centuries, terracotta had been used for construction, ornaments and art objects. A notarial act stipulated in 1308 (florentine style) in Impruneta witnesses the presence of a corporation of “orciolai e mezzinai”.

Already in the XIII century in the countryside of Impruneta, as in other towns of the countryside near Florence, many families purchased properties. The first to do so were the ancient families such as Bardi, Scolari, Adimari, Gherardini, Acciaioli, Rossi, Quaratesi, followed by merchants, professionals and artisans.
As time passed, these families established units of property called poderi, which consisted of a farmhouse and some other buildings. They organised their rural property on the so-called model of farming sharecropping.
The mixed farming, that unites cereal growing with fruit trees, olive trees and vineyard, was by far the prevailing method of cultivation, and has remained so up to this very day.
Over the centuries the hills surrounding Impruneta became covered with villas and important buildings not far from the farmhouses.
From an administrative point of view, after the medieval period, Impruneta became part of Galluzzo, which at the beginning was a jurisdction of a Podestà and later a municipality.
In 1929 Impruneta was established as a County Town.
During World War II, the town had been seriously damaged by bombing –in July 1944- which killed many citizens and destroyed most of the buildings.

Over the centuries in the territory of Impruneta the evidence of the man’s skilful works stands out. Impruneta can be considered a unique territorial contest, which consists of a collection of Tuscan hills with road networks, buildings, cultivation, pine forests, woods, mines and quarries.
The route stems from the proposal to understand all these marks, through a series of stopping places where landscapes and a heritage of great value can be observed.


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Where to eat
Find restaurants, pizzerias and coffee bars in Impruneta...>>
Where to stay
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The Furnaces
Discover ancient terracotta furnaces in Impruneta...>>
Oil and Wine
Impruneta is famous for its excellent olive oil and wines...>>
Ecomuseum
The cultural heritage of Impruneta, which was built up over the centuries, is diffused over its territory, which is an extraordinary landscape...>>
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